Proposal for Randwick Council's project for second monument on Anzac Parade

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MILITARY HISTORY SOCIETY OF NSW PROPOSAL FOR RANDWICK CITY COUNCIL’S HERITAGE REVIEW OF ANZAC PARADERandwick City Council in Sydney is conducting an Anzac Parade Heritage Study to investigate the potential heritage significance of Anzac Parade and has revived a long-forgotten vision to complement the Anzac Parade Memorial Obelisk near Moore Park Road with a memorial at the Parade’s southern end at La Perouse. The Council has invited stakeholders to participate and we are grateful for this opportunity to make a contribution. Historical backgroundAnzac Parade, named Randwick Road before 1917, is particularly significant in the military history of New South Wales since it was the parade route used by Australian soldiers on their way to embarkation for various theatres of the First World War. Surrounded by cheering crowds, on 18 August 1914 troops of the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (ANMEF) marched up Ra…

Prisoners of War from New South Wales at Campo 106, Italy, 1943

By Katrina KittelIn the course of researching my book Shooting Through: Campo 106Escaped POWs after the Italian Armistice, archival sources helped me to identify approximately 790 Australians who had been transferred from Italy’s Campo 57 to Campo 106 in April 1943. These prisoners of war (POWs) worked rice and maize farms scattered on the Piedmont plain of northern Italy, between Turin and Milan.The NSW-raised cohort of Campo 106 POWs comprised about 135 men from city and regional areas of the state. They were from various military units: 32 from 2/13 Battalion, 9 from 2/17 Battalion; 43 from 2/3 Anti-tank Regiment; 16 from 2/3 Pioneer Battalion; 5 from 2/32 Battalion; and 29 from other units.These NSW men found opportunities to escape - or simply walk out - from Campo 106 farms during their five-month stint as farm workers. Most ‘shot through’ following the 8 September 1943 promulgation of the Italian Armistice. Most headed north; some headed south and kept going until reaching alli…

The Military Memorial at Sydney’s Eastern Suburbs Memorial Park

by Geoffrey Ball

Three Australian Victoria Cross winners of the First World War, all born in New South Wales, are memorialised in the Eastern Suburbs Memorial Park (Old Botany Cemetery), Matraville, Sydney.
Private Thomas James Bede Kenny, died on 17 April 1953, whose burial grave is in the Roman Catholic section of the Park.Lieutenant Joseph Maxwell, died on 16 July 1976, whose ashes are in Wall G of the Eastern Walls Drive (Remembrance Wall).Major Blair Anderson Wark, died on 5 July 1941, whose ashes are in the Columbarium.The Park’s Military Memorial was officially opened on 29 July 2016, significantly on the centenary anniversary of the Battle of Pozieres, by the Chief of Defence Force, Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC. On that day 100 years ago, Australian soldiers of 2nd Division AIF were ordered to take Pozieres heights. The attack commenced at 12:15 am but the Germans were ready, and the attack failed at a cost of 3,500 Australian casualties. In less than seven weeks of fightin…

SS Induna: Winston Churchill's Connection to New South Wales

by Geoffrey Ball

There is a historical connection between Sir Winston Churchill and New South Wales.
In October 1899 Winston was sent to Cape Town to cover the Boer War as a war correspondent but was arrested by the Boers and incarcerated as a prisoner of war. He managed a dramatic escape and made his way to Portuguese East Africa – now called Mozambique– with the help of British sympathizers. He then hitched a ride back to the United Kingdom, aboard a steamer called the SS Induna.
It was not long after his arrival back in the UK in July 1900 that he commenced his political life.

So what happened to the SS Induna? Well she was purchased by Burns Phillip and from 1904 to 1920 worked the Pacific Islands. She was captured by the Germans during World War I in the Marshall Islands.
After the war, she was purchased by New South Wales Railways in 1925 to join the Swallow as a train ferry across the Clarence River in the north of the state. The north coast line was not complete and until a railway…

The Military History Society of New South Wales


Statement on vandalisation of war memorials in this week's protests

As a body dedicated to preserving and honouring our state’s military heritage, the Military History of New South Wales is disturbed by the defacement, vandalisation and misuse of numerous public monuments, including war and veterans memorials, across the United States and other countries in the past week.
Monuments which have had slogans spray painted on them include the Lincoln Memorial, World War II Memorial on the National Mall, the equestrian statue of General Casimir Pulaski and the statue of Thaddeus Kościuszko in Lafayette Park, all in Washington DC, theShaw 54th Regiment Memorial in Boston and the Alamo Cenotaph in San Antonio, Texas. In London, the Cenotaph had signs placed on it and protestors climbed the flagpoles.
These were attacked gratuitously while others are the subject of longstanding local grievances. Monuments to Generals Robert E Lee and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson in Ric…


ANNOUNCEMENT LECTURE CANCELLATIONS Due to restrictions on public meetings associated with Covid-19 the Society has decided to cancel our lecture scheduled for Saturday, 4 April 2020 on "Pyrrhic Victory: Third Battle of Kharkov 1943" as well as the subsequent lecture scheduled for Saturday, 2 May 2020. We will monitor the situation and issue further notifications on the remainder of our lecture program in due course. Cancelled lectures will be rearranged for a later date. We hope everyone stays well during this time.